Waves Sharon United Nations

  • Issue: April 1995
  • Designer: G. Sagi
  • Stamp size: 40 x 25.7 mm
  • Plate no.: 236
  • Sheet of 15 stamps Tabs: 5
  • Printers: Government Printers
  • Method of printing: Offset

The name 'United Nations", which was coined by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, first appeared in the "Declaration of the United Nations" in January 1942, when the representatives of 26 nations demanded that their governments continue the war against Nazi Germany and her Allies. The UN Charter was drawn up and signed by representatives of 50 countries at a convention in San Francisco in 1945. The UN was officially established on October 24, 1945, and its Charter was ratified by the USA, Great Britain, France, the USSR and China (the five Permanent Members of the Security Council) and by the majority of the other signatory countries.

The opening words of the UN Charter state the common aims and ideals of the peoples whose governments had united to establish the UN: the prevention of war, the preservation of basic human rights, of equality between the sexes and between peoples, the maintenance of justice, of international obligations and of social progress and the improvement of living standards, whilst safeguarding the freedom of man.

The UN is comprised of six main bodies:

In addition to these main bodies listed above, the UN includes a number of other institutions, such as the office of the UN High Commissioner for refugees, the UN Fund (UNICEF), the Conference on Trade and Development and the UN Development Programme.

Within the term "The UN System" are included also the special agencies, which are autonomous organisations, set up by inter-governmental agreements to deal with a wide variety of economic, social, cultural, educational and medical issues, and so forth, in co-operation with the UN Organisation.

During the Cold War, the UN had difficulty in realizing the hopes embodied in the UN Charter, in particular in the fields of establishing and maintaining peace and security. Since the end of the Cold War, major changes are taking place which have turned the UN into a more active framework. At the same time the new reality has also created expectations that the UN has difficulty in living up to, because of the multiplicity of conflicts, their complexity and the lack of the funding that would be required to deal with them.

Today the UN has 17 Peace Forces (some 73,000 people) engaged in different areas of conflict. Last year's budget for those activities totalled some $3.6 billion.

Israel and the UN

The history of the relationship between the UN and Israel, can be divided into three periods:

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